Microwave Technology Is Getting Closer to the Battlefield. This NM Facility Is at the Heart of it.


Air Force Research Laboratory engineers at Kirtland Air Force Base hope to accelerate development of microwave weapons systems at a new high-tech modeling and testing facility that the AFRL recently opened.

Top AFRL officials held a ribbon cutting on Wednesday, Dec. 7 for the new 12,000-square-foot High Power Electromagnetic Effects and Modeling center, which cost $6 million to build as an add-on to an existing building at Kirtland. It’s the latest facility upgrade in a decade-long AFRL effort to provide the modern infrastructure needed to fully develop emerging technology for warfighters.

That includes microwave and laser systems — known as “directed energy” — to confront 21st-century threats like swarms of enemy drones, as well as space-based defense capabilities to better compete in the global race for domination in today’s new era of space exploration and human expansion into the cosmos.

It’s the 28th infrastructure project at Kirtland completed since 2009 under AFRL’s “lab revitalization and development” program, said Kent Wood, interim deputy director for AFRL’s Directed Energy Directorate.

“More than $100 million has been invested in facilities like this to increase our research capabilities,” Wood told Wednesday’s inauguration participants. “… It’s all aimed at accelerating our development capabilities.”

That includes a new, high-tech, digital “war-gaming” facility that will open in early 2023 where military personnel and lab technicians can directly participate together in virtual battlefield exercises to test new directed-energy and space-defense systems.

The AFRL has been working for decades to advance laser and microwave weapons, converting Albuquerque into a “center of excellence” for directed energy through partnerships with industry. And those efforts are finally bearing fruit, with new weapons now being tested in real-world environments that could lead to battlefield deployment in the next few years.

AFRL’s Tactical High Power Operational Responder, or THOR, is the latest example. AFRL built that microwave system to defend military bases from simultaneous attacks by multiple unmanned aerial systems, allowing operators to down UAS swarms with a single blast of electromagnetic waves.

The Joint Counter UAS Office and the Army’s Rapid Capability and Critical Technologies Office field-tested THOR in multiple exercises over the past year. Now, global engineering firm Leidos is incorporating the test results into a new prototype called Mjölnir — named after the mythical hammer wielded by the Norse god Thor — under a $26 million AFRL contract.

“Those tests allowed us to take that technology to warm, dusty, real-world locations where Army operators could actually try it out, see how it works and give feedback to build the next generation prototype,” Wood told the Journal.

Such cross-collaboration with other DoD entities and industry partners is laying the foundation for accelerated development going forward.

“We’re placing a lot more emphasis on speed to get things out of the lab and into the hands of warfighters to translate those technologies into new capabilities at a faster pace,” Wood said.

Under another collaborative effort, AFRL and the Office of Naval Research are now adapting an AFRL-built microwave system for mounting on an airborne platform.

In addition, a dune buggy-mounted laser system built by Raytheon Technologies is also edging closer to military deployment. AFRL awarded $52.4 million since 2019 for Raytheon to build its mobile, counter-drone technology, known as the high-energy laser weapon system, or HELWS. Raytheon demonstrated it last March at White Sands Missile Range.

AFRL’s newly inaugurated electromagnetic effects and modeling center will provide increased testing and evaluation capabilities for microwave systems. It includes echo-free chambers for radiation testing on electronic systems, plus a “forensics lab” to determine the effects of microwave weapons on circuit boards.

“Electromagnetic weapons attack the digital nervous system of drones with different waveforms that make them wobble and fall,” Wood said. “We then tear the drone apart to look inside to determine how the waveform affected the specific chips and electronic technology.”

The new facility brings AFRL teams together in a single location to study those things.

AFRL’s work is creating huge opportunities for local industry.

Albuquerque engineering firm Verus Research, for example, won a new, $19.5 million contract in October to assist in effectiveness testing and evaluation, building on previous contracts it’s won to help track and confirm weapon performance. The company’s workforce has grown from 44 in 2017 to 113 now.

“Our contract ceiling booked for directed energy work is up 30% year over year,” Verus Managing Director Hank Andrews told the Journal.

Likewise, engineering firm BlueHalo won an $80 million AFRL contract this year to build a “virtual range” for real-time modeling and simulation of new directed energy technology. The company is now aggressively expanding its current 260-member Albuquerque workforce.

“(We’re) currently hiring to fill approximately 70 additional jobs with an average salary of $90,000,” BlueHalo spokesperson Tiffany Sevieri told the Journal.

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